Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Gothic period, 12th century
gold, Overall: 10.5 x 5.3 x 1.5 cm (4 1/8 x 2 1/16 x 9/16 in.); Former: h. 11.5 cm (4 1/2 in.). Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund 1983.208
This elegant double-arm cross once contained fragments of four of the most important relics of Christâ€™s Passion, namely a portion of the True Cross, a piece of Christâ€™s sudarium (sweat cloth), and fragments of the reed staff and sponge used by Christâ€™s tormentors to mock him and give him vinegar for his thirst during the Crucifixion. The identity of these relics and their placement in the cross are indicated by open cavities on the reliquaryâ€™s front and accompanying Latin inscriptions on its back.
CMA, October 17, 2010 - January 17, 2011, Walters Art Museum February 13 - May 15, 2011, British Museum June 23 - October 9, 2011: "Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics and Devotion in Medieval Europe," cat. no. 47.The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC (9/19/2016 â€“ 1/8/2017): "Every People Under Heaven: Jerusalem, 1000â€“1400" cat. no. 25c, p. 58.
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