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Hercules Driving Envy from the Temple of the Muses

Hercules Driving Envy from the Temple of the Muses

1522-24

Ugo da Carpi

(Italian, c. 1479-c. 1532)

after Balthasar Peruzzi

(Italian, 1481-1536)

Chiaroscuro woodcut (in black and gray)

Support: Beige(1) laid paper

Sheet: 29.5 x 22.5 cm (11 5/8 x 8 7/8 in.)

Gift of Ralph King 1925.443

Catalogue raisonné: Bartsch 12 (XII.133)

State: ii/ii

Description

In this allegory, not linked to a particular myth, Hercules applies his brute force in the service of art and knowledge. Pointing toward the archway, Apollo banishes the vice of Avarice from the Temple of the Muses. A personification of greed, Avarice carries a hoard of treasure in her arms as Hercules, a character of virtuous strength, chases her out. Apollo sits next to the war goddess Athena, identified by her helmet, shield, and spear. Here she represents wisdom, and fulfills a civilizing role as patroness of the arts.

See also
Collection: 
PR - Chiaroscuro
Department: 
Prints
Type of artwork: 
Print
Credit line: 
Gift of Ralph King

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