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Pitcher with Inlaid Chrysanthemum and Peony Design

Pitcher with Inlaid Chrysanthemum and Peony Design

청자 상감 국화·모란무늬 참외모양 주전자 (靑磁象嵌菊牡丹瓜形注子)

1200s

Part of a set. See all set records

Celadon ware with inlaid white and black slip decoration

Height with lid: 20.6 cm (8 1/8 in.); Outer diameter: 15 cm (5 7/8 in.)

Gift of John L. Severance 1917.357

Description

The chrysanthemum is the flower of autumn. In East Asia, its wine was believed to bring longevity if drunk during the Double Nine Festival (September 9). "Drinking Wine," a poem by Tao Yuanming (AD 365–427), combines the flower with the theme of the reclusive life: "From the eastern fence, I pluck chrysanthemum flowers, and idly look toward the southern hills." In Korea, the chrysanthemum was established as a popular motif for Goryeo inlaid celadon as early as the 1100s. The flower was used as the main motif for wine service vessels in particular. When Koreans drank wine from Goryeo celadon decorated with chrysanthemum designs, they believed that Tao’s faithful spirit transferred to their inner mind, as did the blessings of longevity.

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